when-present<#else>when-missing. (These only cover the last step of the expression; to cover the whole expression, use parenthesis: (myOptionalVar.foo)!myDefault, (myOptionalVar.foo)?? ---- ---- FTL stack trace ("~" means nesting-related): - Failed at: ${PackageDetails.images[0]} [in template "templates/web/Test-Package-Page.ftl" at line 414, column 43] ~ Reached through: #nested [in template "templates/web/layout/default-layout.ftl" in macro "default" at line 280, column 10] ~ Reached through: @layout.default [in template "templates/web/Test-Package-Page.ftl" at line 4, column 1] ---- Java stack trace (for programmers): ---- freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException: [... Exception message was already printed; see it above ...] at freemarker.core.InvalidReferenceException.getInstance(InvalidReferenceException.java:134) at freemarker.core.EvalUtil.coerceModelToTextualCommon(EvalUtil.java:481) at freemarker.core.EvalUtil.coerceModelToStringOrMarkup(EvalUtil.java:401) at freemarker.core.EvalUtil.coerceModelToStringOrMarkup(EvalUtil.java:370) at freemarker.core.DollarVariable.calculateInterpolatedStringOrMarkup(DollarVariable.java:100) at freemarker.core.DollarVariable.accept(DollarVariable.java:63) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:383) at freemarker.core.Environment.invokeNestedContent(Environment.java:633) at freemarker.core.BodyInstruction.accept(BodyInstruction.java:60) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:383) at freemarker.core.Environment.invokeMacroOrFunctionCommonPart(Environment.java:889) at freemarker.core.Environment.invokeMacro(Environment.java:825) at freemarker.core.UnifiedCall.accept(UnifiedCall.java:84) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:347) at freemarker.core.Environment.visit(Environment.java:353) at freemarker.core.Environment.process(Environment.java:326) at freemarker.template.Template.process(Template.java:383) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.processTemplate(FreeMarkerView.java:391) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.doRender(FreeMarkerView.java:304) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.freemarker.FreeMarkerView.renderMergedTemplateModel(FreeMarkerView.java:255) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractTemplateView.renderMergedOutputModel(AbstractTemplateView.java:179) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:316) at org.craftercms.engine.view.UserAgentAwareCrafterPageView.renderActualView(UserAgentAwareCrafterPageView.java:49) at org.craftercms.engine.view.CrafterPageView.renderMergedOutputModel(CrafterPageView.java:181) at org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:316) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1404) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:1148) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:1087) at org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:963) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:1006) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:898) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:655) at org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:883) at javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:764) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:227) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:53) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.craftercms.commons.web.AddResponseHeaderFilter.doFilterInternal(AddResponseHeaderFilter.java:64) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:117) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:354) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:267) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.craftercms.engine.scripting.impl.ScriptFilter.doFilter(ScriptFilter.java:111) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:354) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:267) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:327) at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.invoke(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:115) at org.springframework.security.web.access.intercept.FilterSecurityInterceptor.doFilter(FilterSecurityInterceptor.java:81) at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:336) at org.springframework.security.web.access.ExceptionTranslationFilter.doFilter(ExceptionTranslationFilter.java:122) at org.springframework.security.web.access.ExceptionTranslationFilter.doFilter(ExceptionTranslationFilter.java:116) at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:336) at org.springframework.security.web.session.SessionManagementFilter.doFilter(SessionManagementFilter.java:126) at org.springframework.security.web.session.SessionManagementFilter.doFilter(SessionManagementFilter.java:81) at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:336) at org.springframework.security.web.servletapi.SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextHolderAwareRequestFilter.java:149) at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:336) at org.springframework.security.web.savedrequest.RequestCacheAwareFilter.doFilter(RequestCacheAwareFilter.java:63) at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:336) at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.doFilter(AnonymousAuthenticationFilter.java:109) at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:336) at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.rememberme.RememberMeAuthenticationFilter.doFilter(RememberMeAuthenticationFilter.java:141) at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.rememberme.RememberMeAuthenticationFilter.doFilter(RememberMeAuthenticationFilter.java:97) at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:336) at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter.doFilter(AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter.java:223) at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter.doFilter(AbstractAuthenticationProcessingFilter.java:217) at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:336) at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.LogoutFilter.doFilter(LogoutFilter.java:103) at org.springframework.security.web.authentication.logout.LogoutFilter.doFilter(LogoutFilter.java:89) at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:336) at org.springframework.security.web.context.SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.java:112) at org.springframework.security.web.context.SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.doFilter(SecurityContextPersistenceFilter.java:82) at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy$VirtualFilterChain.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:336) at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilterInternal(FilterChainProxy.java:211) at org.springframework.security.web.FilterChainProxy.doFilter(FilterChainProxy.java:183) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:354) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:267) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.springframework.web.filter.CorsFilter.doFilterInternal(CorsFilter.java:91) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:117) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:354) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:267) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.RuleChain.handleRewrite(RuleChain.java:176) at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.RuleChain.doRules(RuleChain.java:145) at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.UrlRewriter.processRequest(UrlRewriter.java:92) at org.craftercms.engine.url.rewrite.UrlRewriteFilter.doFilter(UrlRewriteFilter.java:68) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:354) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:267) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.craftercms.engine.servlet.filter.SiteContextResolvingFilter.doFilter(SiteContextResolvingFilter.java:86) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:354) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:267) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.craftercms.commons.http.RequestContextBindingFilter.doFilter(RequestContextBindingFilter.java:78) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.apache.logging.log4j.web.Log4jServletFilter.doFilter(Log4jServletFilter.java:64) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.invoke(ApplicationDispatcher.java:711) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.processRequest(ApplicationDispatcher.java:459) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.doForward(ApplicationDispatcher.java:385) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationDispatcher.forward(ApplicationDispatcher.java:313) at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.NormalRewrittenUrl.doRewrite(NormalRewrittenUrl.java:213) at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.RuleChain.handleRewrite(RuleChain.java:171) at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.RuleChain.doRules(RuleChain.java:145) at org.tuckey.web.filters.urlrewrite.UrlRewriter.processRequest(UrlRewriter.java:92) at org.craftercms.engine.url.rewrite.UrlRewriteFilter.doFilter(UrlRewriteFilter.java:68) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:354) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:267) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:102) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:354) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:267) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.craftercms.engine.servlet.filter.ExceptionHandlingFilter.doFilter(ExceptionHandlingFilter.java:55) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:354) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:267) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.craftercms.engine.servlet.filter.SiteContextResolvingFilter.doFilter(SiteContextResolvingFilter.java:86) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:354) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:267) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:102) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:354) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:267) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.craftercms.commons.http.RequestContextBindingFilter.doFilter(RequestContextBindingFilter.java:78) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.springframework.web.filter.CharacterEncodingFilter.doFilterInternal(CharacterEncodingFilter.java:201) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:117) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:102) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:354) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:267) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.springframework.web.filter.OncePerRequestFilter.doFilter(OncePerRequestFilter.java:102) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.invokeDelegate(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:354) at org.springframework.web.filter.DelegatingFilterProxy.doFilter(DelegatingFilterProxy.java:267) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.apache.logging.log4j.web.Log4jServletFilter.doFilter(Log4jServletFilter.java:71) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.internalDoFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:189) at org.apache.catalina.core.ApplicationFilterChain.doFilter(ApplicationFilterChain.java:162) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardWrapperValve.invoke(StandardWrapperValve.java:197) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardContextValve.invoke(StandardContextValve.java:97) at org.apache.catalina.authenticator.AuthenticatorBase.invoke(AuthenticatorBase.java:541) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardHostValve.invoke(StandardHostValve.java:135) at org.apache.catalina.valves.ErrorReportValve.invoke(ErrorReportValve.java:92) at org.apache.catalina.valves.AbstractAccessLogValve.invoke(AbstractAccessLogValve.java:687) at org.apache.catalina.core.StandardEngineValve.invoke(StandardEngineValve.java:78) at org.apache.catalina.connector.CoyoteAdapter.service(CoyoteAdapter.java:360) at org.apache.coyote.http11.Http11Processor.service(Http11Processor.java:399) at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProcessorLight.process(AbstractProcessorLight.java:65) at org.apache.coyote.AbstractProtocol$ConnectionHandler.process(AbstractProtocol.java:890) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.NioEndpoint$SocketProcessor.doRun(NioEndpoint.java:1789) at org.apache.tomcat.util.net.SocketProcessorBase.run(SocketProcessorBase.java:49) at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.ThreadPoolExecutor.runWorker(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:1191) at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.ThreadPoolExecutor$Worker.run(ThreadPoolExecutor.java:659) at org.apache.tomcat.util.threads.TaskThread$WrappingRunnable.run(TaskThread.java:61) at java.base/java.lang.Thread.run(Thread.java:829)
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Protein Electrophoresis in Halol

Includes 11 parameters
4.1rating-image

21 Ratings

Sterling Accuris Assured
₹1,000
0
% OFF
₹1,000
i

Price details

Price
₹1,000

Discounted Price
₹1,000

Overall you save ₹ ₹0 (0%) on this product
Total Protein - Protein Electrophoresis, Albumin - Protein Electrophoresis, Globulin - Protein Electrophoresis, A/G Ratio - Protein Electrophoresis, Alpha 1 - Protein Electrophoresis, Alpha 2 - Protein Electrophoresis, Beta 1, Beta 2, Gamma - Protein Electrophoresis, M Band - Protein Electrophoresis, Interpretation - Protein Electrophoresis
Pre instruction

Pre Instructions

Test Parameter Included 11 Parameter
Profile No. of Parameters
  • Total Protein - Protein Electrophoresis1Total Protein - Protein Electrophoresis
  • Albumin - Protein Electrophoresis1Albumin - Protein Electrophoresis
  • Globulin - Protein Electrophoresis1Globulin - Protein Electrophoresis
  • A/G Ratio - Protein Electrophoresis1A/G Ratio - Protein Electrophoresis
  • Alpha 1 - Protein Electrophoresis1Alpha 1 - Protein Electrophoresis
  • Alpha 2 - Protein Electrophoresis1Alpha 2 - Protein Electrophoresis
  • Beta 11Beta 1
  • Beta 21Beta 2
  • Gamma - Protein Electrophoresis1Gamma - Protein Electrophoresis
  • M Band - Protein Electrophoresis1M Band - Protein Electrophoresis
  • Interpretation - Protein Electrophoresis1Interpretation - Protein Electrophoresis

FAQ

What is the function of albumin?

The liver produces albumin, a vital protein that helps prevent fluid from leaving our blood vessels and distributes hormones, vitamins and enzymes across the body.

What other tests can be run with a protein electrophoresis test?

A doctor may also recommend the following tests:

  • Urine protein electrophoresis
  • Immunofixation
  • Bone marrow biopsy
  • Complete blood count
  • Kidney and liver tests

Which protein is detected during inflammation in the body?

The levels of alpha and gamma globulin proteins generally increase due to inflammation in the body.

Why should I book a protein electrophoresis with Sterling Accuris?

Sterling Accuris Diagnostics specialises in providing reliable diagnosis support for healthcare facilities and physicians. It is extremely easy to book a protein electrophoresis test in Halol with us at a great price. Sterling Accuris also offers the safest home  collection for your convenience.

What makes Sterling Accuris a better pathology lab than others?

For us, precision care, safe sample collection, timely delivery of reports, and precise reporting of patient results while adhering to health and safety precautions are the cornerstone of our success.

What other packages does Sterling Accuris offer?

Sterling Accuris offers a range of packages including Senior citizen (male and female) package, healthy heart profile, diabetes profile, vitamin profile, covid immunity package and much more. Visit our website to learn more about these packages.

Do you provide home visit/collection service?

Yes. We do provide home collection services at your doorstep.

Please go ahead and book your visit today from our top menu options in this website / chat or do call us on 812 813 0000.

How long does it take to receive test results?

Though most tests are completed and reported within about 24 hours of receiving the sample for testing, certain tests take several days to weeks.

Your soft copy will be sent on registered email id and Whatsapp. Also, you will receive SMS with link to download your report. Also, your report is available on our website / app.

To know the status of the report, you can call our customer care team on 812 813 0000.

Is there any preparation or precautions for patient before tests or body checkup?

Fasting maybe required in case of a few tests to ensure accurate results. 

In general, it is also advisable to abstain from alcohol and heavy diet at least for 24 hours before any health test. You can see the requirement for each test on the product page on our website / app.

Protein Electrophoresis Test in Halol

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Sterling Accuris Diagnostics offers the Protein Electrophoresis test in Halol to assess the types of proteins present in a serum sample.

Overview of the Protein Electrophoresis Test

Protein electrophoresis is a test to measure particular proteins namely albumin, alpha globulin 1 and 2, beta globulin and gamma globulin, in the blood. This analytical method involves separating these proteins based on their electrical charge, allowing for diagnosis of varied conditions such as Waldenström macroglobulinemia, primary amyloidosis, thyroid or liver disorders etc. The technique can also detect abnormal M protein substances which may be present in the bloodstream.

Sterling Accuris offers a highly sensitive protein electrophoresis test in Halol with timely reports.

Why And When Is The Protein Electrophoresis Test Done?

The protein electrophoresis test is done to aid in the diagnosis of:

  • Myeloma  
  • Conditions affecting plasma cells
  • Thyroid issues
  • Diabetes 
  • Waldenström macroglobulinemia
  • Primary amyloidosis
  • Anemia
  • Liver diseases 
  • Malnutrition 
  • Some Autoimmune diseases

A doctor may recommend the protein electrophoresis test if a person exhibits symptoms like:

  • Abnormal weight loss
  • Bone aches
  • Fatigue
  • Constipation
  • Frequent urination
  • Bones that easily fracture
  • Elevated calcium levels in blood
  • Frequently recurring illnesses

High levels of some specific proteins like albumin, alpha 1, alpha 2, gamma and beta proteins indicate any of the above-mentioned diseases.

The other tests that are required to perform along with this test are serum immunofixation, bone marrow biopsy, complete blood picture, renal and liver function tests etc.

Protein Electrophoresis Test: Main Highlights

  • Instructions: Fasting is not required
  • Recommended age group: All age groups
  • Sample type for test: Blood sample in plain (serum) tube

How to Interpret the Protein Electrophoresis Test Report 

Normal levels of proteins in a healthy adult are:

Protein Type

Normal range

Cause of Low levels

Cause of High levels

Albumin

3.8-5.0 g/dl

  • Congenital analbuminemia
  • Nutritional deficiency
  • Lowered synthesis
  • Acute liver failure
  • Liver damage (cirrhosis, hepatitis) 
  • Organ, tissue damage
  • Bisalbuminemia
  • Pancreatitis

Alpha-1 Globulin

0.1 – 0.3 g/dl

  • Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency

  • Inflammatory disease
  • Certain cancers

Alpha-2 Globulin

0.6 – 1.0 g/dl

  • Hemolysis (Destruction of RBCs)

  • Inflammation

Beta Globulin

0.7 – 1.4 g/dl

  • Decreased level of LDL cholesterol
  • Malnutrition/Inability to absorb nutrients

  • Issues breaking down fats 
  • Estrogen therapy

Gamma Globulin

0.7 – 1.6 g/dl

  • Use of steroids and immunosuppressants 
  • Chemotherapy
  • Radiotherapy
  • malabsorption
  • Protein losing enteropathy
  • nephrotic syndrome,
  • Amyloidosis
  • Lymphoma
  • Leukemias
  • Newborns
  • Blood cancers, like multiple myeloma, Waldenström macroglobulinemia, lymphomas, leukemia
  • Inflammatory disorders like rheumatoid arthritis
  • Severe liver disease
  • Infections

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Lab test Booked

Satisfied Customers
50,00,000+

Satisfied Customers

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Includes Parameters
Sterling Accuris Sterling Accuris Assured
4.1 Ratings 21 Ratings
Home collection
Home Collection
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Pre Instruction

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FAQ

Benefits of Packages with us

Benefits of Packages with us

Lab test Booked
10,000,000+

Lab test Booked

Satisfied Customers
50,00,000+

Satisfied Customers

Collection Centre &
                                    Labs
250+

Collection Centre & Labs

Cities we are present
50+

Cities we are present in

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