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Kidney Stones – Exploring Types, Causes, Tests, and Prevention Kidney Stones – Exploring Types, Causes, Tests, and Prevention
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Kidney Stones – Exploring Types, Causes, Tests, and Prevention

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Kidney stones are a prevalent health concern affecting approximately 8-10% of the population in India. Once someone experiences the excruciating pain of a kidney stone, the fear of recurrence looms large. Kidney stones are not just common, but they can also pose serious health risks by damaging the kidneys.

To prevent the recurrence of kidney stones and to understand the underlying causes, two important tests from Sterling Accuris URO Lab play a crucial role: Kidney Stone Analysis Test and 24-Hour Urine Metabolic Profile.

Importance of Kidney Stone Analysis and 24-Hour Urine Metabolic Profile Test

  1. Kidney Stone Analysis Test: This test involves the examination of the stone itself, either naturally passed through urine or collected during a surgical procedure. It helps determine the composition of the stone, which in turn guides treatment and preventive measures.

  2. 24-Hour Urine Metabolic Profile: This test provides valuable insights into the chemical composition of urine over a 24-hour period. It helps identify the substances that may contribute to stone formation and guides personalized treatment strategies to prevent recurrence.

What is Kidney Stone?
Kidney stones are solid masses formed when certain chemicals in the urine or blood reach levels that are higher or lower than normal. These stones can vary in composition and size from individual to individual, ranging from tiny to large enough to cause significant obstruction in the kidneys or urinary tract.

Different Types of Kidney Stones

Every Stone is Different: Kidney stones consist of over 65 different chemical substances, making each stone unique.

  1. Calcium Oxalate and Calcium Phosphate (70-80%): These are the most common types of kidney stones. They form when calcium combines with oxalate or phosphate in the urine.

  2. Struvite Stones (10-20%): These stones are often associated with urinary tract infections (UTI). They can grow quickly and become quite large.

  3. Uric Acid Stones (5-13%): Uric acid stones form when there is too much uric acid in the urine, often due to a diet high in purines.

Identifying the type of stone is crucial for your treatment and dietary precautions to prevent recurrence. Ignoring the seriousness of kidney stones can lead to various complications:

Causes of Kidney Stones Recurrence

Several factors contribute to the recurrence of kidney stones:

  1. Diet: Consumption of certain foods high in oxalates, calcium, or purines can increase the risk of stone formation.

  2. Dehydration: Inadequate intake of water can lead to concentrated urine, promoting stone formation.

  3. Family History: Genetic predisposition can make some individuals more susceptible to kidney stones.

  4. Lifestyle Factors: Sedentary lifestyle, obesity, and certain medical conditions like high blood pressure, diabetes, or metabolic disorders can increase the risk.

  5. Genetics: Some individuals may have a genetic predisposition to develop kidney stones.

Prevention Strategies

Preventing the recurrence of kidney stones involves several strategies:

  1. Dietary Modifications: According to your report, the doctor will adjust your diet to avoid factors that create a high recurrence of stones.

  2. Hydration: Drinking an adequate amount of water throughout the day can help dilute urine and prevent the formation of stones.

  3. Medical Management: Depending on the underlying causes identified through tests, your doctor may prescribe medications or supplements to prevent stone formation.

  4. Regular Monitoring: Periodic follow-up with your healthcare provider and undergoing recommended tests can help monitor your kidney health and prevent recurrence.

Where Can I Get More Information?
Before proceeding with kidney stone analysis and a 24-hour urine metabolic profile test, it's important to consult your doctor. For detailed information on these services, visit our website at https://sterlingaccuris.com or https://www.urolab.net/. Sterling Accuris also provides home collection services for your convenience.


Kidney stones are not just painful but can also lead to complications if left untreated. Understanding the underlying causes of stone formation and taking preventive measures are essential for managing this condition effectively.

By undergoing tests like Kidney Stone Analysis and 24-Hour Urine Metabolic Profile, individuals can work with their healthcare providers to develop personalized strategies to prevent kidney stone recurrence and maintain optimal kidney health.

Note: Both tests play a vital role in managing kidney stones effectively. For detailed information about kidney stone analysis tests and 24-Hour Urine Metabolic Profile, consult your doctor. Proper investigation can lead to better treatment and prevent the recurrence of kidney stones.

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