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What is NIPT: Understanding Its Purpose, Benefits & Associated Expenses. What is NIPT: Understanding Its Purpose, Benefits & Associated Expenses.
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What is NIPT: Understanding Its Purpose, Benefits & Associated Expenses.

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NIPT has transformed prenatal screening, offering peace of mind to parents about their baby's health even before birth through simply analysing a small sample of the mother’s blood. This revolutionary test has become crucial for expectant parents facing challenges like infertility or concerns about their baby's health.

By detecting potential issues like Down syndrome and other genetic conditions early on, NIPT provides parents with valuable time to prepare and make informed decisions. In this overview, we'll talk about the benefits, accuracy, and recommendations surrounding NIPT. 


What is NIPT? 

Non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT), sometimes referred to as non-invasive prenatal screening (NIPS), is a technique used to assess the likelihood of certain genetic abnormalities in a developing fetus.

This method involves the analysis of small fragments of DNA of fetal blood present in a pregnant woman's bloodstream. Unlike most DNA, which resides within the nucleus of cells, these fragments, known as cell-free DNA (cfDNA), are freely circulating and not confined within cells. They typically consist of fewer than 200 DNA base pairs and are generated when cells die and release their contents, including DNA, into the bloodstream.

This technique offers a non-invasive means of obtaining valuable genetic information about the fetus, aiding in the early detection of potential abnormalities.

Why is NIPT Done? 

NIPT serves a critical role in assessing the baby's health during pregnancy, particularly in identifying genetic abnormalities or chromosomal disorders. 

By detecting conditions such as:

  • Down syndrome (Trisomy 21)
  • Edwards syndrome (Trisomy 18)
  • Patau syndrome (Trisomy 13)
  • Disorders affecting sex chromosomes (X and Y), such as Turner syndrome or Klinefelter syndrome.

NIPT empowers parents to make informed decisions regarding their child's health. Screening will tell you how likely it is that your baby has a chromosomal difference.

The only way of knowing for sure is to have a diagnostic test such as:

  • Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)
  • Amniocentesis

When does a Doctor Suggest NIPT?

Typically conducted between the 10th and 20th weeks of pregnancy, NIPT is especially beneficial for individuals at an elevated risk of genetic abnormalities in their babies or those with a history of genetic issues in previous pregnancies. 

  • Mothers age above 35 years.
  • History of infertility, multiple miscarriages, genetic defect or stillbirth.
  • Previous pregnancy or child affected by a birth defect or genetic condition.
  • Abnormal test results, such as a blood test like double marker or a triple marker or ultrasound.

Benefits of NIPT

  1. Accuracy: NIPT offers unparalleled precision in detecting genetic abnormalities, significantly reducing the likelihood of false results.
  2. Non-Invasive: Unlike traditional testing methods, NIPT is non-invasive, ensuring the safety of both the mother and the baby.
  3. Timely Identification: Early detection of potential genetic issues allows parents to prepare for their child's care and medical needs, facilitating better decision-making.

How much does NIPT Cost?

The cost of NIPT can vary depending on factors such as location, specific laboratory, and additional services offered. For further inquiry please call 8128130000. 

Where can I get more Information?
You should speak with your doctor or a genetic counsellor before getting an NIPT test. For further insights, you can also watch our video at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4OcGpMP6gd8 

Non-invasive Prenatal Testing (NIPT) offers expectant parents a safe, accurate, and early method of screening for chromosomal abnormalities during pregnancy. With its high sensitivity and minimal risk, NIPT provides invaluable peace of mind to families as they prepare for the arrival of their newest member. 

If you're considering NIPT, consult with your healthcare provider to determine if it's the right option for you and your baby.

Note: This test is done only with the prescription and advice of a gynaecologist; consent from a doctor is mandatory. 

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